Enviromental protection

Electromagnetic emissions

The actions of the TIM Group on the subject of electromagnetic emissions are essentially:

  • careful management of its equipment during its entire life cycle and in compliance with current regulations and internal standards of efficiency and safety;
  • deployment of, and constant research into, the latest technological instruments for checks and controls.

Systematic monitoring of the levels of electromagnetic emissions in installations aims to ensure that legal limits are respected and high safety standards are maintained for workers and the general population. According to the checks carried out in Italy, the electromagnetic emissions generated are well within legal limits.

As part of the certification of mobile phones sold on the market under the TIM brand, TILab performs tests on all technologically innovative products to check the SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) declared by suppliers. This parameter estimates the quantity of electromagnetic energy per unit of body mass absorbed by the human body in the event of exposure to the electromagnetic field generated by telephones and other mobile devices. TIM certifies and sells through its sales network only mobile devices with a SAR value lower than the limit set by European legislation. In determining this conformity TIM complies with the instructions given in the ICNIRP (International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) guidelines and subsequent declarations of conformity1. This qualification, which is carried out during the pre-marketing stage, when TIM does not often have the SAR value declared by the supplier, makes the test more valuable than a simple quality control check.

As part of the SAR evaluations, tests on mobile devices placed near to the human body were also carried out in 2016. SAR measurements were taken for seventeen new “smartphone” models using 2G-3G technology and five new technologically innovative 3G/WiFi/LTE tablet models.

The results confirmed compliance with the limit set in the European Regulations for all devices subject to testing. Joint activities are also taking place with a number of ARPAs (regional environmental protection agencies) to assess the electromagnetic fields generated by RBSs, considering the actual power transmitted based on traffic and power control mechanisms, in accordance with changes to the Prime Ministerial Decree of 8/7/2003 contained in the Decree Law on Growth 179/2012. Similar attention is paid to the emissions from mobile devices using the frequency bands operated by TIM.

In Brazil the non-ionising radiation emitted by the radio base stations of TIM Brasil are fully within the parameters dictated by the World Health Organization and adopted by ANATEL. All the radio base stations of TIM Brasil have a license to operate issued by ANATEL.

1 Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields (up to 300 GHz). Health Physics 74 (4): 494-522; 1998; Statement on the “Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, ma- gnetic and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz)”. Health Physics 97(3):257-259; 2009.